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Welcome to the Journal of Special Education Technology (JSET)
A publication of the Technology and Media Division of the Council for Exceptional Children

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Volume 22 Number 1

Using Video Instruction Procedures with and Without Embedded Text to Teach Object Labeling to Preschoolers with Autism: A Preliminary Investigation

Kara A. Reagon, Thomas S. Higbee, and Katie Endicott
Utah State University, Logan, UT


Three preschoolers diagnosed with autism were taught how to expressively label common food items using video instruction with and without embedded text. Twenty unknown stimuli were randomly assigned to either the embedded text or no-embedded text condition. Using a commercially available video editing program, a DVD was created that presented test stimuli (photographs of food items) with the auditory instruction: “What is it?” followed by the auditory presentation of the name of the stimulus. Stimuli in the embedded text condition also included the typed name of the item below the picture. All instruction was presented via a DVD player and viewed on a 19-inch television. Probe sessions were conducted after teaching sessions via the DVD player to assess correct responses. While the impact of including embedded text was somewhat unclear, all participants acquired expressive object labeling skills by watching the DVD.